When your kidneys suffer from damage, the body’s waste products can build up, causing you to experience poor sleep, shortness of breath, nausea, weakness, and ankle swelling; thus, creating kidney issues that can affect healthy body function.
Healthy kidneys help the body to:
Balance out minerals and water within the blood.
Take out waste from the blood (after digestion), chemical (or medication) exposure, and muscle activity.
Creates renin, something that helps the body manage blood pressure.
Creates erythropoietin, prompting the body’s red blood cells production.
Creates a form of vitamin D that is active, which is essential for bone health, and other things.
As you can see, the kidneys are a vital organ to the body, and when they fail to perform what they do, this can simply be life-threatening. Below is an outline of acute and chronic kidney disease.
Acute Kidney Issues
According to Webmd, this occurs when your kidneys stop working suddenly. It can also be referred to as acute renal failure. The main causes behind this are: insufficient blood flow to the kidneys; urine back up in the kidneys; or direct damage to someone’s kidneys.
The above can occur when:
A person who has gone through a traumatic injury of sorts, with blood loss (i.e. car accident).
An individual goes into shock due to a severe infection known as sepsis.
Muscle tissue breakdown or dehydration, which then sends an abundance of protein in the bloodstream.
Certain medications/drugs that contain specific toxins, which directly can cause kidney damage.
An enlarged prostate that blocks the flow of urine
Pregnancy complications such as pre-eclampsia and eclampsia.
Those who have autoimmune diseases can experience an immune system attack, thus causing acute kidney damage.
Those with severe liver or heart failure issues.
Chronic Kidney Issues
Doctors diagnose individuals with chronic kidney disease when a person’s kidneys don’t function well for longer than three months.
High blood pressure and diabetes (types 1 and 2) are commonly behind chronic kidney issues.
Other conditions that can contribute to chronic kidney issues include:
Viral diseases that are long lasting (e.g. HIV/AIDS).
Immune system illnesses.
A urinary tract infection within the kidneys, referred to as pyelonephritis, and can cause scarring as the infection gets better. It can result in kidney issues if this occurs multiple times over.
Inflammation within the glomeruli (tiny filters in the kidneys), and may occur after someone has had strep infection.
A genetic condition known as polycystic kidney disease. This causes fluid-filled sacs to form in the kidneys.
Birth defects that can block the urinary tract or affect the kidneys. It’s important to note that repair surgeries can be done for certain types of this issue, and there are times where doctors can detect the condition while the mother is still pregnant.
Long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like naproxen and ibuprofen.
Long-term use of IV street drugs, thanks to their toxins and chemicals.Advertisement