So you already have kidney failure, and if that’s the case it means that your kidneys are not operating as they should be. When there are problems with your kidneys that means that the removal of waste in your body isn’t being conducted. The waste in our blood comes from the foods we eat as well as beverages we consume. If the kidneys aren’t doing their job you will need to compensate by changing your diet. It would be a good idea to see a dietitian to find a good meal plan that will work with kidney disease. Here are some tips to maintain good eating habits.
Less Protein in Your Diet
Protein is important when you are trying to build muscles or maintain your organs and tissues but now your kidneys are having trouble removing the excess urea from your blood. When protein metabolizes it leaves behind a waste called urea. Taking pressure of your kidneys by reducing your protein intake is very important. High protein foods to avoid would be eggs, seafood, meat, and nuts.
Your doctor can let you know how much protein is safe to consume in one day. Grains and vegetables are low in protein and you should be able to get enough protein intake from them alone.
Less Sodium in Your Diet
If high blood pressure is a contributing factor to kidney disease and failure then it’s a good idea to reduce your intake of salt and sodium in your diet. Low-sodium diets can helps you eliminate unnecessary uses of salt such as avoiding table salt, high processed foods, salty chips, bacon, pickled foods and canned vegetables.
Less Phosphorus in Your Diet
Your kidneys would normally remove any excess phosphorus from your blood, but with kidney failure they are no longer able to do so. Phosphorus is bad for your bones because your body will take calcium in order to balance out the phosphorus. It’s important to cut out high-phosphorus foods such as peanuts, cocoa, beer, cola, dairy and peas.
How many calories you need in a day is dependant on your weight. If you suffer from obesity your dietitian can help you work on a low-calorie diet that will also help fit your health care needs. If it’s weight that you need to gain your dietician will probably advise you to add calories through more carbohydrates and fats to your diet.
Below is a sample menu to give you some idea what a good diet should look like. It’s advisable for you to also pick out a kitchen scale so you are able to weigh out protein sources.
- oatmeal with blueberries and honey
- coffee or tea
- Mid-morning Snack
- peach or pear
- sandwich made with one ounce chicken or turkey, lettuce, tomato and mayonnaise or mustard
- green beans
- clear soda, iced tea or water
- an apple
- 3 ounces of ground beef or steak
- white rice
- lettuce and vegetable salad with vinegar and olive oil
- water, iced tea or clear soda
- oatmeal cookie